We all admit that science has evolved the way human spend their lives. The gadgets developed with the help of information technology have improved the quality of life of an average human. However, new gadgets are not the only way that science has affected our lives. Research in various aspects of life has given us a solution to many problems. Personalized nutrition is one of those solutions as well.
With the advancement of research in Health Sciences, it has been confirmed that your diet plays a significant role in making you exposed to some major diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cancer, or stroke. If a person does not have a healthy diet, he is more likely to catch one of these diseases. But a healthy diet for one person could be unhealthy for another based on their age and ability to adapt to certain nutrients. Moreover, we all know that the increase in chemicals in the agriculture and food sectors has had a significant negative impact on human health.
Personalized Nutrition Definition:
Personalized nutrition studies the characteristics of an individual to make a nutritional plan for him that often consists of some food products and services as well. Personalized nutrition is somewhat similar to concepts like precision nutrition, nutrigenomics, nutrigenetics, nutritional genomics, and stratified personal nutrition. This is why the term personalized nutrition is also similarly used for terms like precision nutrition, stratified nutrition, and personal tailored nutrition. However, there is a difference between these concepts, and here is a short overview of them for your better understanding.
Nutritional genomics and nutrigenetics are terms used for the same science that studies the effect of genetic variation on dietary response and how specific nutrients and bioactive compounds play their role in gene expression. Three factors make this science very important. The first is that people of different ethnic groups have great diversity in the genome that they have inherited.
This inherited genome has a significant effect on an individual’s metabolism or nutrient bioavailability. Nutrient bioavailability is the number of nutrients that are absorbed or digested, or metabolized through normal pathways. Knowing how the genes of people from different ethnic groups interact with specific nutrients is crucial in devising a great personalized nutrition plan.
Stratified nutrition deals with groups as a whole. This study mainly works to put together a healthy and tailored nutritional plan for a group as a whole by categorizing the groups of people with shared characteristics such as age and health.
To put it in simple words, nutrigenomics is the study of how nutrients change the expression of your genes. It is a detailed study of how both diet and genes of an individual can determine their body’s health and the risk of developing diseases.
Personalized nutrition is somewhat similar to stratified or tailored nutrition. The only difference is that stratified nutrition deals with groups of individuals by characterizing them based on their shared traits. In comparison, personalized nutrition is the study of finding the best nutritional approach for a specific individual.
Personalized Nutrition by Prediction of Glycemic Responses:
Type 2 diabetes is one of the most rapidly spreading diseases worldwide. It is not contagious, but it is no less than a pandemic as it is spreading at such a fast rate. There is no permanent cure for it as well. Postprandial Glucose Levels pose a significant threat to people worldwide because they are a substantial reason for developing type 2 diabetes. The rise in blood glucose levels is rapidly increasing in the population, and 37% of the adult population in the US alone is estimated to be affected by it and develop prediabetes. 70% of the people who develop prediabetes are bound to get type 2 diabetes because of their chronically impaired blood glucose response.
To deal with this issue, A group of researchers performed week-long research on a cohort of 800 people, and They deduced that people with the same characteristics reacted differently to the same meals. This proves that global dietary plans are not an effective way of dealing with this issue. That is when the researchers devised a machine-learning algorithm that integrated blood parameters, dietary habits, gut microbiota, and anthropometrics.
This algorithm accurately estimated the postprandial glucose levels in the human body. The researchers then put a controlled dietary plan on these postprandial glucose levels together, resulting in a significantly better postprandial glucose response. In other words, personalized nutrition by prediction of glycemic responses is a great way to create a dietary plan to avoid health issues like diabetes and improve your metabolism overall.
Personalized Nutrition Facts:
There is still a lot of research left to be done in analytical health sciences, and we still have ways to go. That is why there is no specified definition for personalized nutrition. We have not yet fully discovered why the same meals act differently in the bodies of people with the same characteristics.
All of the data that we have collected on this aspect is solely based on observational researches. But people a few decades ago would never have imagined that there is a thing such as personalized nutrition. They would have no idea that the same meal or the same nutrient could act differently in different people’s bodies. But people today are more open to tailoring their own dietary plan that would bear the most fruit. That is why here are a few things that you should know about.
1. The effects of Added Sugar:
Many companies add sugar to their products to make them taste better. This kind of sugar is called added sugar, and its examples are table sugar and high-fructose corn syrup. Every diet-conscious person knows that too much added sugar is not healthy, but some people think it is empty calories.
Empty calories mean that it does not contain any other nutrient other than sugar (sucrose) itself. Sugar is indeed only “empty calories,” but only consisting your diet of sugary products can lead to deficiencies of other nutrients that your body needs to work at its best. But that is not it. Exessive sugar intake is directly associated with diseases that kill millions of people every year. These diseases include heart diseases, obesity, and type 2 diabetes as well.
2. The same diet might not work for everyone
Diet that works for one person might not work for another person. Every person is unique in their own way, and it is not just the personality that is different; their functioning of the body may differ as well. This is the case when it comes to devising a dietary plan. Multiple factors need to be considered while creating a meal plan. Not every person has the same metabolism, and not every person can adapt well to a certain nutrition plan.
Even if a person’s physical health improves after trying out a meal plan, it’s no use if he does not like the food he eats. There is no point in beating yourself and ruining your mental health to improve your physical health. The better way to go about it is to try out different things and slowly learn what plan suits you the best. You are supposed to create a diet plan that you can follow for a long time, and it is just not possible to follow it unless you love the food you eat.
3. Eating vegetables will improve your health
It is no secret that many kids listen to the word vegetables and run in the other direction. After all, it is a fact that vegetables are not as appealing as steak to most people, but they are very nutritious. They are rich in vitamins, antioxidants, fiber. Many studies and researches prove that vegetable intake is directly associated with a lesser risk of diseases and improved health. So, eat your greens, kids. You should include vegetables into your daily diet, even if in a small quantity, and then you can increase the quantity to a decent level slowly. You will definitely notice a significant improvement in your energy level and overall health.
4. Vitamin D is absolutely crucial
Vitamin D is necessary for your body to work properly as it is a very are vitamin that acts as a hormone in the human body. The deficiency of vitamin D can lead to many serious diseases like cancer and diabetes.
So, always make sure that you are never a deficit of vitamin D. It is produced in your body when your skin comes into contact with the sun’s rays. However, there are many areas where there is not enough sunlight. In some parts of the earth, the sun hardly ever shows itself. Sadly, you cannot take enough vitamin D from your diet, so you should try taking a Vitamin D supplement if the sun is not an option for you.
5. Trans Fats are not healthy
A high intake of trans fats can result in chronic diseases such as heart diseases, inflammation, and abdominal obesity. Trans fats lower your good cholesterol and raise your bad cholesterol, a major reason for heart diseases. It can also be a major factor in developing type 2 diabetes. Trans fats are a byproduct of how liquid vegetable oils are solidified by adding hydrogen to them. Partially hydrogenated oils are the major dietary sources of artificial trans fats, so avoid them at all costs.
6. You should know the basics of gut health
Gut health is absolutely crucial for any human to lead a healthy life. So every human should know the basics of gut health and how to keep their own digestive system working as needed. Trillions of bacteria live in the human gut, and those bacteria are collectively called the gut biome. Those bacteria help break down the food that your body would be unable to digest otherwise.
They also play a major role in the development and maintenance of your immune system. If you have an unhealthy gut, you are automatically more exposed to a lot of diseases. So, to keep your gut healthy, make sure to include sufficient fiber in your diet. Plants contain fiber in rich quantities. So again, you must eat vegetables to lead a healthy life once again.
7. You should take gut health into account early in life
Children or infants are more prone to autoimmune or inflammatory conditions such as asthma, allergies, colic, and eczema. Parents should start the process of taking care of the gut biome of their children from the early stages of their lives when their gut is still developing. Babies can often be born with deficit microbiomes, but parents do not have to worry. They can restore it in the early stages of life if and only if they are treated well and given a proper diet.